Russian Japanology Review

Advanced search

The challenges of political socialization of the contemporary Japanese youth

Full Text:


The main problems of political socialization of Japanese youth arestudied in the paper. According to the author’s point of view, participation inthe election process, youth movements, and a growing interest in internationalissues are the principal trends and the main indicators of Japanese youth’spolitical activity and political socialization of young people in contemporaryJapanese society. Political socialization is the transmission of political culture to new generationsof citizens in a given society and it includes such activities as voting campaigns,attending meetings, joining political parties, taking part in political discussions,еtс. Whether young people have ability to quickly adapt to the changingcircumstances of the world around them depends on the process of politicalsocialization. The difficulties that characterize the Japanese youth’s politicalsocialization process during the last decade and its outcomes have becomeespecially evident now - young people exhibit a less developed sense of civic duty,and take the obligations of citizenship more lightly than older generations. Oneof the factors influencing young people’s tendency to be engaged in civic andpolitical activities may be the fact that the traditional mobilizing institutions ofpolitics in Japan are not especially interested in reaching out to young people. Inthe article the main problems of political socialization of Japanese youth areexamined. Using the data from large-scale surveys of Pew Research Center andsome data of Mainichi Shimbun surveys carried out in 2017, the author analyzeswhether young Japanese people are active participants of political process or playthe role of unconcerned spectators.

About the Author

L. V. Zhilina
F.M. Dostoevsky Omsk State University
Russian Federation


1. Berry, J.W., Poortinga, Y.H., Segall, M.H., Dasen, P.R.(2002). Cross-Cultural Psychology. Research and Applications. New York: Cambridge University Press.

2. Deineka, O.S., Vartanova, I.A.(2012). Udovletvorennost’ zhizn’yu kak predictor otnosheniya k economicheskoi I politicheskoi stabil’nosti studencheskoi molodezhi [Satisfaction with life as a predictor of the attitude to the economic and political stability of student youth]. Sovremenniye problemy nauki I obrazovaniya.№ 6. URL: (accessed: 15 June 2019)

3. Denisova, I.V.(2010). Uchastiye v viborah kak factor politicheskoy sotsializatsii v sovremennom rosiyskom obschestve [Participation in elections as a fac tor of political socialization in contemporary Russian society]. Sotsuym I vlast’, № 4. Pp. 43-47.

4. Do the young lean right? Mainichi polls show strong youth support for Abe, LDP (2017) // Mainichi Shimbun. 09.10.2017. URL: (accessed: 5 May 2019).

5. Gadzhiyev, G.S.(2010). Politologiya. [Political science]. Moscow: Logos.

6. Global Opinion of Russia Mixed. Negative Views Widespread in Mideast and Europe (2013). // Pew Research Center. 03 September 2013. URL: /09/03/global-opinion-of-russia-mixed/(accessed: 15 June 2019).

7. Japanese Divided on Democracy’s Success at Home, but Value Voice of the People Public sees threats abroad amid declining views of U.S. (2017). // Pew Research Center. 17 October 2017. URL: 15 June 2019).

8. Katharine, H.S., Moon, H.S.K., Park, P., Whelan-Wuest, M.(2016). Youth & politics in East Asia.// Brookings. 30 June 2016. URL: 2019).

9. Kiselev, A.A., Samarkina, I.V.(2007). Internet: Model’ I praktiki politicheskogo uchastiya [The Internet: The model and practices of political participa tion]. Krasnodar: Ottisk.

10. Kistanov, V.O.(2016a) TRAMPlin dlya peresmotra otnoshenii SShA s Yaponiei [TRAMPlin for the revision of US-Japan relations]. // Nezavisimaya gazeta. 18 November 2016. URL: (accessed: 15 June 2019).

11. Kistanov, V.O. (2016b). Yaponiya I Koreiskiy poluostrov: Tekuschie problemi otnosheniy [Japan and the Korean peninsula: Current problems of relations]. Yaponskye issledovaniya.№ 1. Pp. 72-81. URL: (accessed: 15 June 2019).

12. Kistanov, V.O. (2017). Uzlovie problemy vneshney politiki Yaponii v 2016- nachale 2017[Nodal Problems of Japan’s Foreign Policy in 2016- beginning 2017]. Yezhegodnik Yaponiya 2017. Moscow: AIRO-XXI. Pp. 7-25.

13. Lebedeva, I.P.(2017). Yaponiya: Obschestvo srednego klassa [Japan: A so ciety of middle class]. Yaponskiye issledovaniya.№ 4. Рр. 33-49.URL: /js_2017_4_33-49.pdf(accessed: 15 June 2019).

14. Manabe Noriko.(2014). Uprising: Music, youth, and protest against the policies of the Abe Shinzo government. The Asia-Pacific Journal. №3 (32). Pp. 1-18.

15. Martin, A. (2015). Japan’s Youth Stand to Gain Stronger Voice //The Wall Street Journal. 1 March 2015. URL: 2019).

16. Massoviye antivoenniye mitingi proshli v Tokio I drugikh gorodakh Yaponii [Mass anti-war rallies were held in Tokyo and other cities of Japan]. (2015) // RIA Novosti. 30 August 2015. URL: (accessed: 15 June 2019).

17. New Year’s Reflection by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. (2018) // Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet. 1 January 2018. URL: 15June2019).

18. Ostaszewski, V.(2015). Japanese Youth’s Political Engagement: Now or Never. // Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada. 21 October 2015. URL: (accessed: 15 June 2019).

19. Publics Worldwide Unfavorable Toward Putin, Russia (2017). // Pew Research Center. 16 August 2017. URL: 2019).

20. Rosenau, N.J. (1997). Along the domestic-foreign frontier: Exploring governance in a turbulent world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

21. Sasakawa Yohei.(2017). Opinion: Japan’s Youth Have the Optimism to See Opportunity in Coming Difficulties. // Japan Forward. 31 January 2017. URL: June 2019).

22. Shimbori Michiya.(1971). History of Zengakuren. In Selected readings on modern Japanese society.Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 167-170.

23. Slater, D.H., O’Day, R., Uno, S., Kindstrand, L. Takano, C.(2015). SEALDs: Research Note on Contemporary Youth Politics in Japan. //The Asia-Pacific Journal. 14 September 2015. URL: (accessed: 15 June 2019).

24. Sourtaev, V.Ya.(1999). Molodezh I kul’tura [Youth and culture]. Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg University of Culture and Arts.

25. Streltsov, D.V.(2017). Rossiisko-yaponskie otnosheniya: Sistematicheskiy krizis ili noviye vozmozhnosti? [Russian-Japanese relations: A systemic crisis or new opportunities?]. // Countrapunkt. № 10 (December). URL: 15 June 2019).

26. Tanaka Naoki(2012).Beyond the Myth of the Economic Superpower// 02 July 2012. URL: 15 June 2019).

27. Taniguchi Tomohiko(2016). Brexit: The Consequences for Japan. //The Diplomat. 8 July 2016. URL: 15 June 2019).

28. Zabrovskaya, L.V.(2013). Osobennosti kitaisko-yaponskih otnoshenii: Pragmatizm Kitaya I lavirovaniye Yaponii [Features of Sino-Japanese relations: China’s pragmatism and the maneuvering of Japan]. Problemi natsional’noi strategii.№ 3 (18). Рр. 67-83.

29. Zagrebin, V.V.(2014). Podhody k opredeleniyu kategorii ‘molodezh’ [Approaches to the definition of the category ‘youth’]. // Contsept. № 02(February). URL: (accessed: 15June2019).

30. Zhilina, L.V. (2016). Molodezh Yaponii: Ustremleniya I orientiry [Youth of Japan: aspirations and landmarks]. Asia I Africa segodnya. № 1. Рр. 65-71.

31. Zhilina, L.V.(2015). Public attitude and mutual perceptions: Japan and Russia // CEU Political Science Journal. № 1-2 (Vol. 10). Pp. 1-30.


For citations:

Zhilina L.V. The challenges of political socialization of the contemporary Japanese youth. Russian Japanology Review. 2019;2(1):57-80. (In Russ.)

Views: 84

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2658-6444 (Print)
ISSN 2658-6789 (Online)